Course Syllabus for English-Taught Majors

The Teaching Syllabus forMaterials Chemistry

 

 

Course Code: 09040005;

Course Category: major course curriculum;

Majors: Chemistry; Materials Chemistry; Polymer Chemistry; Chemical Engineering   

Semester Course: Spring;

Total Hours: 36          Credit: 2;

Lecture Hours36 Hours          Lab Hours0 学时        Practice Hours0

Instructors: Zhang Wei, Pan Xiangqiang, Zhang Zhengbiao et. al

 

Textbooks: Harry R. Allcock,Introduction to Materials Chemistry, Wiley (ISBN-13: 978-0470293331), 2008.

References

1.Bradley D. Fahlman, Materials Chemistry, Springer, (ISBN:  9400706928), 2011;

2. Robert J. Young and Peter A. Lovell, Introduction to Polymers, CRC Press, (ISBN: 0849339294), 2011;

3.Klaus Friedrich,  Gennady E. Zaikov and A. K. Haghi, Materials Chemistry: A Multidisciplinary Approach to Innovative Methods, Apple Academic Press, (ISBN: 1771882514), 2016;

4.Yong Cao , Zhishan BoJianhui Hou and Yukata Matsuo, Polymer Photovoltaics: Materials, Physics, and Device Engineering, Royal Society of Chemistry, (ISBN: 1849739870), 2015;

5.Thomas M. Klapotke, Chemistry of High-Energy Materials , Walter de Gruyter & Co, (ISBN: 3110273586), 2012.

 

 

Teaching Aim: By the studying of the course, the students should be led stepwise from the elementary chemistry on which materials science depends, through a discussion of the different classes of materials, and ending with adscription of how materials are used in devices and general technology. Furthermore, the students also should well understand the relationship of structures and properties of materials, get solid mastery on the chemical synthesis method and preparation technology of materials, have basic knowledge on novel metallic materials, inorganic materials, nano-materials, polymer materials and high performance composites and their application after finishing this course.

Course Contens

Chapter I: PREFACE PART I INTRODUCTION TO MATERIAL SCIENCE

2 weeks, 4 hours

(1). Teaching Contents

The first part consists of four introductory chapters: (1) What is materials chemistry? (2) Fundamental principles that underlie the subject, (3) Basic synthesis and reaction chemistry, and (4) Structure determination and special techniques for materials characterization.

What is materials chemistry?

-- Uses of Materials

-- Approaches to Producing New Materials, New Properties, and Uses

-- Devices and Machines

-- The Role of Chemistry in Materials Science

-- A Broader Perspective

-- Terminology

-- Example Journals Where Materials Science Publications Can be Found

-- Study Questions

Fundamental Principles that Underlie Materials Chemistry

-- Why Are Different Materials Different

-- The Role of Different Elements

-- Different Types of Chemical Bonds

-- Size of Molecular Units

-- Different Shapes of Component Molecules and Influence of Solid-State Structure

-- Suggestions for Further Reading

-- Study Questions

Basic Synthesis and Reaction Chemistry

-- Underlying Principles

-- Starting Points for Materials Synthesis Isolation of Elements

-- Principles that Underlie Materials Synthesis

-- Illustrative Chemistry of Selected Nonmetallic Elements

-- Suggestions for Further Reading

-- Study Questions

Structure Determination and Special Techniques for Materials Characterization

-- Purpose

-- Analysis of Bulk Materials

-- Surface and Thin-Film Analysis Techniques

-- Solution Analysis Techniques

-- Suggestions for Further Reading

-- Study Questions

(2). Essentials of Teaching

This chapter deals with basic chemistry that should be familiar to grade three college students. At the same time this section introduces topics that the student may not have encountered before. The essentials of teaching consist of the following contens: (1) Understanding the differences between “Materials Chemistry” and “Chemistry Materials” and be acquainted with the development history of “Materials Chemistry”; (2) Grasping the basic principles that underlie materials chemistry, the factor which influences the materials properties, and some basic knowledge about materials chemistry; (3) Mastering the basic synthetic methods and reaction in materials chemistry; (4). Mastering the analytic methods and techniques for materials chemistry, including in the cases of Surface and Thin-Film, and solution.      

Chapter II: DIFFERENT TYPES OF MATERIALS

7 weeks, 14 hours

(1). Teaching Contents

Small Molecules in Solids

-- Importance of Small-Molecule Materials

-- Packing of Small Molecules in the Solid State

-- Self-Assembly by Crystallization

-- Spherical Molecules Such as Fullerenes in the Solid State

-- Disk-Shaped Molecules and Other Flat Structures

-- Rod-Shaped Molecules

-- Charge Transfer Complexes

-- Clathrates Molecular Inclusion Adducts

-- Suggestions for Further Reading

-- Study Questions

Polymers

-- Overview

-- Synthesis of Polymers

-- Structure Property Relationships and Polymer Design

-- Polymers in the Solid State

-- Fabrication of Polymers

-- Example Polymeric Materials

-- Future Challenges in Polymeric Materials Science

-- Suggestions for Further Reading

-- Study Questions

Glasses and Ceramics

-- Overview

-- Oxide Ceramics and Glasses Obtained or Produced Directly from Mineralogical Materials

-- Oxide Ceramics from Small-Molecule Inorganic and Organometallic Precursors

-- Nonoxide Ceramics

-- Fabrication of Ceramics and Glasses

-- Future Challenges in Ceramics and Glass Science

-- Suggestions for Further Reading

-- Study Questions

Metals

-- Important Aspects of Metal Science and Technology

-- Isolation of Specifi c Metals from Their Ores

-- Corrosion

-- Solid-State Structure of Metals and Alloys

-- Electrical Conductivity

-- The Color of Metals

-- Thermal Conductivity of Metals

-- Magnetic Properties of Metals

-- Mechanical Properties of Metals

-- Fabrication of Metals

-- Future Challenges in Metallic Materials

-- Suggestion for Further Reading

-- Study Questions

Alloys, Composites, and Defects

-- Overview

-- Pure Materials and Homogeneous Solid Solutions

-- Heterophase Materials

-- Suggestion for Further Reading

-- Study Questions

(2). Essentials of Teaching

The chapter provides an introduction to the various classes of materials. Different chapters deal with small molecules in solids, organic and inorganic polymers, glasses and ceramics, metals, and with alloys and composite materials. In this section, the teaching aim is to show how different types of materials are produced, and why they possess specific combinations of properties. The emphasis is on the chemistry rather than the physics or engineering.

 

Chapter III: MATERIALS IN ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY

9 weeks,18 hours

(1). Teaching Contents

Semiconductors and Related Materials

-- Importance of Semiconductors

-- Semiconductor Theory

-- Preparation of Semiconductor-Grade Silicon and Compound Semiconductors

-- Organic Polymer Semiconductors.

-- Photolithography and Microlithography

-- Photoresists

-- Electron Beam Lithography

-- X-Ray Lithography

-- Circuit Wiring

-- Semiconductor Devices

-- Unsolved Problems in Semiconductor Materials Science

-- Suggestions for Further Reading

-- Study Questions

Superconductors

-- Overview

-- Nomenclature

-- Synthesis of High-Temperature Superconductors

-- Solid-State Structure

-- Theories of Superconduction

-- Other Superconducting Systems

-- Current and Proposed Uses for Superconductors

-- Challenges for the Future

-- Suggestions for Further Reading

-- Study Questions

Solid Ionic Conductors: Advanced Materials for Energy Generation and Energy Storage

-- General Observations

-- Fuel Cell Materials

-- Battery Electrolyte Materials

-- Capacitors and Supercapacitors

-- Challenges for the Future

-- Suggestions for Further Reading

-- Study Questions

Membranes

-- Background

-- Porous Membranes

-- Membranes that Function by a Chemical Reaction

-- Nonporous Membranes that Do Not React with Participating Molecules

-- Specific Examples of Materials Used in Solid Polymeric Membranes

-- Gel Membranes

-- Testing of Membranes

-- Sound Transducer Membranes

-- Challenges for the Future

-- Suggestions for Further Reading

-- Study Questions

Optical and Photonic Materials

-- Overview

-- Passive Optical Materials

-- Responsive Optical Materials

-- Challenges for the Future

-- Final Comments

-- Suggestions for Further Reading

-- Study Questions

Surface Science of Materials

-- Perspective

-- Summary of Characterization Methods

-- Surfaces of Metals

-- Ceramic Surfaces

-- Polymer Surfaces

-- Surfaces of Semiconductors

-- Assembly of Molecules on Surfaces

-- Adhesion and Surface Chemistry

-- Relationship to Other Materials Topics

-- Suggestions for Further Reading

-- Study Questions

Biomedical Materials

-- Special Requirements for Biomedical Materials

-- Traditional Biomedical Materials

-- Materials for Specific Medical Applications

-- Unsolved Problems in Biomedical Materials Science

-- Suggestions for Further Reading

-- Study Questions

Materials in Nanoscience and Nanotechnology

-- Background and Motivation

-- Synthesis and Fabrication of Nanostructures

-- Examples of Nanostructures

-- Major Challenges in Nanoscience and Technology

-- Suggestions for Further Reading

-- Study Questions

(2). Essentials of Teaching

In this chapter, the foregoing subject matter is employed to examine how different materials are used in technology, which covers important topics such as semiconductors, superconductors, solid ionic conductors, membranes, optical and photonic materials, surface science, biomedical materials, and nanoscience and nanotechnology. Let the students know this chapter brings together the principles and topics covered in the earlier chapters to illustrate how different devices make use of a wide variety of different materials, and how the technology requires an understanding of many different aspects of the field rather than a narrow focus on one specialty. The contents in this section are meant to prepare students for careers that in many cases will be weighted toward the design and development of devices in the medical, communications, aerospace, and other advanced technology sectors.

 

Assessment Methods

1.Attendance and in-Class Answer-to-Questions (20%)

2.Oral Presentation and Discussion (40%);

3.Final Open-book Examination or Scientific Report (40%)

 

 

                                Made by: Zhang Wei

 

 

                                 2016-10-26