Course Syllabus for English-Taught Majors

Physical Chemistry IICourse Syllabus

Course Code09041044

Course CategoryMajor Basic

Major: Engling Training Class (Chemistry)

SemesterSpring

Total Hours72     Credit3

InstructorsYong Wang

Textbooks Peter Atkins, Julio de Paula,Physical Chemistry(Eighth Edition), Oxford University Press,2006

 

 

一、教学目的:

Physical chemistry is a demanding but richly rewarding subject. It underlies all chemistry, and is becoming increasingly important as the investigative and computational aspects of chemistry become more sophisticated. This course will give you an introduction to the wide range of topics that constitute physical chemistry. This course focused on three parts of equilibrium, structure and change. It begins with the introduction of gases, thermodynamics, phase diagram, chemical equilibrium and electrochemistry. The second part includes the historical development of quantum theory, molecular structure and symmetry, spectroscopy and statistical thermodynamics. In the last part, the kinetics, processes at solid surface and dynamics of electron transfer will be presented. This course will provide a fundamental grounding in thermodynamics, kinetics, quantum theory, spectroscopy, electrochemistry, surface chemistry and that can be applied to any field of chemistry.

物理化学是一门要求很高但非常有用的学科。是所有化学专业的主干基础学科,并当化学的研究以及计算方向变得更复杂时起着越来越重要的作用。课程介绍了组成物理化学的宽范围的主题,主要集中在平衡,结构和变化三部分。本课程首先介绍气体,热力学,相图,化学平衡以及电化学相关知识。第而部分主要包括量子理论的发展历史,分子结构及对称性,光谱学和统计热力学。最后一部分主要介绍动力学,固体表面结构和电子转移动力学。总之通过该改课程的学习主要获得有关热力学,动力学,量子理论,光谱学,电化学以及表面化学等基础知识,并可应用化学学科的所有分支领域。

 

二、课程内容

Part 3 Change

25 The rates of chemical reactions

Empirical chemical kinetics

25.1 Experimental techniques

25.2 The rates of reactions

25.3 Integrated rate laws

25.4 Reactions approaching equilibrium

25.5 The temperature dependence of reaction rates

Accounting for the rate laws

25.6 Elementary reactions

25.7Consecutive elementary reactions

25.8 Unimolecular reactions

26 The kinetics of complex reactions

Chain reactions

26.1 The rate laws of chain reactions

26.2 Explosions

Polymerization kinetics

26.3 Stepwise polymerization

26.4 Chain polymerization

Homogeneous catalysis

26.5 Features of homogeneous catalysis

26.6 Enzymes

Oscillating reactions

26.7 Autocatalysis

26.8 Autocatalytic mechanisms of oscillating reactions

26.9 Bistability

26.10 Chemical chaos

Photochemistry

26.11 Kinetics of photophysical and photochemical processes

26.12 Complex photochemical processes

27 Molecular reaction dynamics

Reactive encounters

27.1 Collision theory

27.2 Diffusion-controlled reactions

27.3 The material balance equation

Activated complex theory

27.4 The Eyring equation

27.5 Thermodynamic aspects

The dynamics of molecular collisions

27.6 Reactive collisions

27.7 Potential energy surfaces

27.8 Some results from experiments and calculations

Part 1 Equilibrium

10 Equilibrium electrochemistry

The thermodynamic properties of ions in solution

10.1 Thermodynamic functions of formation

10.2 Ion activities

Electrochemical cells

10.3 Half-reactions and electrodes

10.4 Varieties of cells

10.5 Standard potentials

Applications of standard potentials

10.6 The electrochemical series

10.7 The measurement of pH and pKa

10.8 Thermodynamic functions

Part 2 Structure

19 Statistical thermodynamics: the concepts

The distribution of molecular states

19.1 Configurations and weights

19.2 The molecular partition function

The internal energy and the entropy

19.3 The internal energy

19.4 The statistical entropy

The canonical partition function

19.5 The canonical ensemble

19.6 The thermodynamic information in the partition function

19.7 Independent molecules

20 Statistical thermodynamics: the machinery

Fundamental relations

20.1 The thermodynamic functions

20.2 The molecular partition function

Using statistical thermodynamics

20.3 Mean energies

20.4 Heat capacities

20.5 Equations of state

20.6 Residual entropies

20.7 Equilibrium constants

11 Quantum theory: introduction and principles

The origins of quantum mechanics

11.1 The failures of classical physics

11.2 Wave-particle duality

The dynamics of microscopic systems

11.3 The Schr6dinger equation

11.4 The Born interpretation of the wavefunction

Quantum mechanical principles

11.5 The information in a wavefunction

11.6 The uncertainty principle

12 Quantum theory: techniques and applications

Translational motion

12.1 A particle in a box

12.2 Motion in two and more dimensions

12.3 Tunnelling

Vibrational motion

12.4 The energy levels

12.5 The wavefunctions

Rotational motion

12.6 Rotation in two dimensions: the particle on a ring

12.7 Rotation in three dimensions: the particle on a sphere

12.8 Spin

Techniques of approximation

12.9 Time-independent perturbation theory

12.10 Time-dependent perturbation theory

13 Atomic structure and atomic spectra

The structure and spectra of hydrogenic atoms

13.1 The structure of hydrogenic atoms

13.2 Atomic orbitals and their energies

13.3 Spectroscopic transitions and selection rules

The structures of many-electron atoms

13.4 The orbital approximation

13.5 Self-consistent field orbitals

The spectra of complex atoms

13.6 Quantum defects and ionization limits

13.7 Singlet and triplet states

13.8 Spin-orbit coupling

13.9 Term symbols and selection rules

14 Molecular structure

The Born-Oppenheimer approximation

Valence-bond theory

14.1 The hydrogen molecule

14.2 Homonuclear diatomic molecules

14.3 Polyatomic molecules

Molecular orbital theory

14.4 The hydrogen molecule-ion

14.5 The structures of diatomic molecules

14.6 Heteronuclear diatomic molecules

Molecular orbitals for polyatomic systems

14.7 The Huckel approximation

14.8 Extended Huckel theory

14.9 Self-consistent field calculations

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

三、各章课时分配表

 

章序号

章内容

学时数

25

The rates of chemical reactions

12

26

The kinetics of complex reactions

3

27

Molecular reaction dynamics

3

10

Equilibrium electrochemistry

12

19

Statistical thermodynamics: the concepts

10

20

Statistical thermodynamics: the machinery

6

11

Quantum theory: introduction and principles

8

12

Quantum theory: techniques and applications

6

13

Atomic structure and atomic spectra

8

14

Molecular structure

4

       

 

72

 

 

参考书目

1. 《物理化学》(上、下册 第五版) 傅献彩、沈文霞、姚天杨编.,高等教育出版社 2005

2.《物理化学》韩德刚高执棣 高盘良  高等教育出版社 2005.5

3.《物理化学》(上、中、下)(第四版)胡英主编  高等教育出版社2005.2

4.《物理化学解题指南》陈平初詹正坤 万洪文编 高等教育出版社 2002.12

5. 《物理化学》(上、下册) 孙世刚 厦门大学出版社   2008

6. Students solution manual to accompany Physical Chemistry by P. Atkins, C. Trapp, M. Cady, C. Giunta, Oxford University Press, 2006

7. 《物理化学》白同春  南京大学出版社 2015.8

 

 

                                执笔人:王勇

                          __2016___09___10_