Course Syllabus for English-Taught Majors

Physical Chemistry ICourse Syllabus

Course Code09041043

Course CategoryMajor Basic

Major: Engling Training Class (Chemistry)

SemesterFall

Total Hours90     Credit4

InstructorsYong Wang

Textbooks Peter Atkins, Julio de Paula,Physical Chemistry(Eighth Edition), Oxford University Press,2006

 

 

一、教学目的:

Physical chemistry is a demanding but richly rewarding subject. It underlies all chemistry, and is becoming increasingly important as the investigative and computational aspects of chemistry become more sophisticated. This course will give you an introduction to the wide range of topics that constitute physical chemistry. This course focused on three parts of equilibrium, structure and change. It begins with the introduction of gases, thermodynamics, phase diagram, chemical equilibrium and electrochemistry. The second part includes the historical development of quantum theory, molecular structure and symmetry, spectroscopy and statistical thermodynamics. In the last part, the kinetics, processes at solid surface and dynamics of electron transfer will be presented. This course will provide a fundamental grounding in thermodynamics, kinetics, quantum theory, spectroscopy, electrochemistry, surface chemistry and that can be applied to any field of chemistry.

物理化学是一门要求很高但非常有用的学科。是所有化学专业的主干基础学科,并当化学的研究以及计算方向变得更复杂时起着越来越重要的作用。课程介绍了组成物理化学的宽范围的主题,主要集中在平衡,结构和变化三部分。本课程首先介绍气体,热力学,相图,化学平衡以及电化学相关知识。第而部分主要包括量子理论的发展历史,分子结构及对称性,光谱学和统计热力学。最后一部分主要介绍动力学,固体表面结构和电子转移动力学。总之通过该改课程的学习主要获得有关热力学,动力学,量子理论,光谱学,电化学以及表面化学等基础知识,并可应用化学学科的所有分支领域。

 

二、课程内容

Part 1 Equilibrium

1 The properties of gases

The perfect gas

1.1 The states of gases

1.2 The gas laws

Real gases

1.3 Molecular interactions

1.4 The van der Waals equation

1.5 The principle of corresponding states

2 The First Law: the concepts

The basic concepts

2.1 Work, heat, and energy

2.2 The First Law

Work and heat

2.3 Expansion work

2.4 Heat transactions

2.5 Enthalpy

2.6 Adiabatic changes

Thermochemistry

2.7 Standard enthalpy changes

2.8 Standard enthalpies offormation

2.9 The temperature dependence of reaction enthalpies

3 The First Law: the machinery

State functions and exact differentials

3.1 State and path functions

3.2 Exact and inexact differentials

Thermodynamic consequences

3.3 Changes in internal energy

3.4 The temperature dependence of the enthalpy

3.5 The relation between Cv and Cp

4 The Second Law: the concepts

The direction of spontaneous change

4.1 The dispersal of energy

4.2 Entropy

4.3 Entropy changes accompanying specific processes

4.4 The Third Law of thermodynamics

Concentrating on the system

4.5 The Helmholtz and Gibbs energies

4.6 Standard molar Gibbs energies

5 The Second Law: the machinery

Combining the First and Second Laws

5.1 The fundamental equation

5.2 Properties of the internal energy

Properties of the Gibbs energy

5.3 General considerations

5.4 The variation of the Gibbs energy with temperature

5.5 The variation of the Gibbs energy with pressure

6 Physical transformations of pure substances

Phase diagrams

6.1 The stabilities of phases

6.2 Phase boundaries

6.3 Three typical phase diagrams

Phase stability and phase transitions

6.4 The thermodynamic criterion of equilibrium

6.5 The dependence of stability on the conditions

6.6 The location of phase boundaries

6.7 The Ehrenfest classification of phase transitions

The physical liquid surface

6.8 Surface tension

6.9 Curved surfaces

6.10 Capillary action

7 Simple mixtures

The thermodynamic description  of mixtures

7.1 Partial molar quantities

7.2 The thermodynamics of mixing

7.3 The chemical potentials ofliquids

The properties of solutions

7.4 Liquid mixtures

7.5 Colligative properties

Activities

7.6 The solvent activity

7.7 The solute activity

7.8 The activities of regular solutions

8 Phase diagrams

Phase, components, and degrees freedom

8.1 Definitions

8.2 The phase rule

Two-component systems

8.3 Vapour pressure diagrams

8.4 Temperature-composition diagrams

8.5 Liquid-liquid phase diagrams

8.6 Liquid-solid phase diagrams

9 Chemical equilibrium

Spontaneous chemical reactions

9.1 The Gibbs energy minimum

9.2 The description of equilibrium

The response of equilibria to the conditions

9.3 How equilibria respond to pressure

9.4 The response of equilibria to temperature

9.5 The response of equilibria to pH

Part 3 Change

24 Molecules in motion

Molecular motion in gases

24.1 The kinetic model of gases

24.2 Collisions with walls and surfaces

24.3 The rate of effusion

24.4 Transport properties of a perfect gas

Molecular motion in liquids

24.5 Experimental results

24.6 The conductivities of electrolyte solutions

24.7 The mobilities of ions

24.8 Conductivities and ion-ion interactions

Diffusion

24.9 The thermodynamic view

24.10 The diffusion equation

24.11Diffusion probabilities

24.1 2 The statistical view

三、各章课时分配表

 

  章序号

章内容

学时数

1

The properties of gases

8

2

The First Law: the concepts

8

3

The First Law: the machinery

10

4

The Second Law: the concepts

8

5

The Second Law: the machinery

10

6

Physical transformations of pure substances

10

7

Simple mixtures

10

8

Phase diagrams

10

9

Chemical equilibrium

10

24

Molecules in motion

6

 

 

 

       

90

 

 

参考书目

1. 《物理化学》(上、下册 第五版) 傅献彩、沈文霞、姚天杨编.,高等教育出版社 2005

2.《物理化学》韩德刚高执棣 高盘良  高等教育出版社 2005.5

3.《物理化学》(上、中、下)(第四版)胡英主编  高等教育出版社2005.2

4.《物理化学解题指南》陈平初詹正坤 万洪文编 高等教育出版社 2002.12

5. 《物理化学》(上、下册) 孙世刚 厦门大学出版社   2008

6. Students solution manual to accompany Physical Chemistry by P. Atkins, C. Trapp, M. Cady, C. Giunta, Oxford University Press, 2006

7. 《物理化学》白同春  南京大学出版社 2015.8

 

 

                                执笔人:王勇

                          __2016___09___10_